Warehouse Management

SAP Warehouse Management Organization Structure

Ngoc Lee
SAP Warehouse Management Organization Structure
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Sap warehouse management organization structure is currently a popular application used by many people because its features will help a lot in warehouse management. And if you are intending to use this software, an introduction to it will be a necessity. Therefore, this article will give you the most overview information about SAP warehouse management organizational structure

Sap warehouse management organization structure

SAP Warehouse Management Organization Structure (Update 2023)

The number of warehouses 

The number of warehouses is specified in the Enterprise structure. It is usually created by copying the standard. This is a 25-character number and description and a 3-character code. It will be assigned to the Storage and Factory Location in the quest. It can be allotted to different Storage Positions and Factory combinations. SPRO-> Enterprise Structure-> Definition-> Logistics Enforcement -> Define, copy, delete and validate warehouse numbers 

👉 Read More: Sap Extended Warehouse Management: Overview And Benefit 

👉 Read More: [Detailed] Sap Warehouse Management Process Flow 

Define warehouse numbers in SAP

 To go to the next stage, double-click on the highlighted text below. 

double-click to Copy/deLete/check warehouse number

Then, as shown below, click the Copy icon and enter the information you want to enter. In general, the inventory number is presented as the standard stock number 001 or on request. Furthermore, the warehouse number area will be filled with the stock number to be produced.

Organizational object Warehouse Number

 Find the warehouse number shown below

Change View “Define warehouse number”

 Warehouse number assignment to Plant/Storage site combination: Logistics Execution->SPRO->Enterprise Structure->Assignment Assign a warehouse number to each plant/storage facility. It should be noted that a single warehouse number can be issued to a mix of various facilities and storage sites. However, multiple warehouse numbers cannot be assigned to the same Plant. 

Choose Assign warehouse number to plant/storage location

 Assign a Plant, Storage Location, and Warehouse number to new entries by clicking on them. 

New Entries: Overview of Added

Storage type

In stock, several areas can be specified. The storage type is the storage specified in SAP. The warehouse diagram is divided into Storage Types, and these designated spaces are closely connected to the items that will be kept in the warehouse. Fast-moving materials, bulk pallet storage, rack-mounted storage, slow-moving materials, and exceptional storage are examples. 

The path specified below is used to specify the Storage Type. SPRO-> Logistics Execution-> Warehouse Management-> Main Data-> Define the storage type Since the repository number is the data entered by copying from the standard repository number, all standard repository types will be copied and accessible for the new repository number, as shown below. 

New repository number

 According to the needs, new storage types can be generated. See the screen below for the new storage type. 

Change View “Storage type definition”: Details


Storage section

An archive type is divided into several sections called an Archives section. Warehouse area for storage containers where materials are stored. Because there is no obligation to split the Storage Type into additional separate sections, many storage types have only one storage section. A storage-type must have at least part of it. Pallet products, bulk goods, quick-moving things, slow-moving items, and so on. The route shown below is being used to define the Storage part. SPRO-> Logistics Execution-> Warehouse Management-> Master Data-> Storage Section 

Change view “Storage section”

EWM Physical Warehouse Mapping

EWM Physical Warehouse Mapping

 In warehouse management, the warehouse structure is hierarchical and includes the following elements:

  • Warehouse identification number
  • Storage type: Warehouses or warehouse facilities including warehouse complexes can be defined as storage types based on their geographical, technological, and organizational characteristics
  • A single warehouse number can be used to handle a single warehouse in the EWM
  • Archives: Each archive type has an archive section. All storage containers have specified general characteristics, such as a fast-moving cargo container near the loading area, corresponding to a storage area
  • Storage bins: Each storage section and storage type is made up of a number of storage compartments called a storage bin in the EWM. The size of the storage bin indicates the exact location in the warehouse where items can be stored
  • Dosing is used to maintain a product's inventory in storage containers.
  • The active area is a logical set of storage containers. It can refer to a particular storage bin or to coupling buckets from a variety of storage types.
  • You can manually allocate storage bins to active areas, or let the system generate an order if there is a 1: 1 link between the storage type and the active area.

You define the warehouse structure in the EWM under Customizations to map your physical warehouse structure in the system. When you want to configure the structure of the warehouse in the system. You can use the following procedure. Select Scalable Warehouse Management Dashboard in the EWM Deployment Guide (IMG).

  • Create Warehouse Numbers
  • Define the Type of Storage
  • Specify the Storage Section
  • Storage Bin Types are defined by Storage Bins
  • Areas of Activity Define the Activity Zone
  • Areas of Activity Assign Activity Areas Storage Bins

Organizational Unit Types

A warehouse system has many organizational units at many different levels.

  • A number of warehouses: In the warehouse management system, each warehouse has a number of warehouses that are considered the highest level. Each repository number is made up of a structure that represents the repository connection
  • Type of storage:There is some form of storage in a warehouse where everything is physically stored, such as open storage, delivery, and delivery
  • An archive is a type of storage that represents a group of groups of similar quality. For example, fast or slow-moving cargo often uses different compartments
  • Storage bins: Storage bins reflect the actual location of the storage space in the warehouse where items are kept. They are at the bottom of the organizational hierarchy, and when you place an item in the Warehouse, you must provide its specific location
  • Active Area: This active area further categorizes the containers. It includes activities like actual picking, storing, and inventory. You can allocate the same storage compartment to multiple zones of activity based on that activity
  • Quant: represents the number of things in the storage container. Quantum is applied to manage inventory in storage containers.

👉 Read More: 3PL Warehouse Services: Benefits And Offers 

👉 Read More: All Cost To Rent A Warehouse In 2023 

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Ngoc LeeNgoc Lee is an Content Creator Manager at EFEX. She wields her long-term expertise in Logistics and Supply Chain, harnessing her top-notch writing and research skills to bring incredibly valuable content. Whether you're a small startup or a well-established enterprise, Ngoc Lee is here to equip you with the essential knowledge of e-commerce, fulfillment, and all things business-related.